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胰高血糖素 [升糖素],Glucagon;≥95% (HPLC), powder, synthetic

胰增血糖素;抗胰岛素;胰岛素B;胰岛素β;CAS号 16941-32-5 经验分子式(希尔表示法) C153H225N43O49S 分子量 3482.75 NACRES NA.32
货号(SKU): G1774
CAS号: 16941-32-5
MDL号: MFCD00167532
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产品描述

Amino Acid Sequence

His-Ser-Gln-Gly-Thr-Phe-Thr-Ser-Asp-Tyr-Ser-Lys-Tyr-Leu-Asp-Ser-Arg-Arg-Ala-Gln-Asp-Phe-Val-Gln-Trp-Leu-Met-Asn-Thr

General description

Glucagon (GCG) peptide is secreted in response to insulin from pancreatic islets α-cells.[1]

Glucagon is synthesized from proglucagon and is 29-amino acid peptide hormone.[4] Proglucagon gene is mapped to human chromosome 2q24.2.[5]

Application

Glucagon (GCG) has been used:
• as a component of hormone stock solution for preserving full biological activity of heart tissues obtained from male Sprague-Dawley rats[1]
• as an infusion in phases II and III fasting king penguins to study the various lipolytic, metabolic, and hormonal responses[2]
• for the stumulation of PGC-1α expression in hepatocytes[3]

Biochem/physiol Actions

Glucagon (GCG) produces elevation in contractility and the frequency of contraction in heart muscles. It activates PI3K (phosphoinositide 3-kinase) and thus, elevates glucose utilization by heart muscles.[1] In multiple mammals, though not humans, this peptide induces lipolysis, and is the major lipolytic hormone in birds. It also induces gluconeogenesis and glycogenolysis in mammals and birds.[2]

The paired box 6 (PAX6) regulates the expression of glucagon.[6] High levels of glucagon referred to as hyperglucagonemia leads to a high risk of diabetes and is associated with pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors.[4] Defective glucagon hypersecretion is regarded as an etiopathogenic factor.[6]

Components

H-His-Ser-Gln-Gly-Thr-Phe-Thr-Ser-Asp-Tyr-Ser-Lys-Tyr-Leu-Asp-Ser-Arg-Arg-Ala-Gln-Asp-Phe-Val-Gln-Trp-Leu-Met-Asn-Thr-OH.xHCl

Other Notes

Lyophilized from 0.1% TFA in H2O

性质

Quality Level200
biological sourcesynthetic
assay≥95% (HPLC)
formpowder
solubility1% acetic acid: 1.00-1.04 mg/mL, clear, colorless
water: 1.00-1.04 mg/mL, clear, colorless
shipped inambient
storage temp.−20°C
SMILES stringCl[H].[H]N[C@@H](Cc1cnc[nH]1)C(=O)N[C@@H](CO)C(=O)N[C@@H](CCC(N)=O)C(=O)NCC(=O)N[C@@H](C(C)O)C(=O)N[C@@H](Cc2ccccc2)C(=O)N[C@@H](C(C)O)C(=O)N[C@@H](CO)C(=O)N[C@@H](CC(O)=O)C(=O)N[C@@H](Cc3ccc(O)cc3)C(=O)N[C@@H](CO)C(=O)N[C@@H](CCCCN)C(=O)N[C@@H](Cc4ccc(O)cc4)C(=O)N[C@@H](CC(C)C)C(=O)N[C@@H](CC(O)=O)C(=O)N[C@@H](CO)C(=O)N[C@@H](CCCNC(N)=N)C(=O)N[C@@H](CCCNC(N)=N)C(=O)N[C@@H](C)C(=O)N[C@@H](CCC(N)=O)C(=O)N[C@@H](CC(O)=O)C(=O)N[C@@H](Cc5ccccc5)C(=O)N[C@@H](C(C)C)C(=O)N[C@@H](CCC(N)=O)C(=O)N[C@@H](Cc6c[nH]c7ccccc67)C(=O)N[C@@H](CC(C)C)C(=O)N[C@@H](CCSC)C(=O)N[C@@H](CC(N)=O)C(=O)N[C@@H](C(C)O)C(O)=O
InChI1S/C153H225N43O49S.ClH/c1-72(2)52-97(133(226)176-96(47-51-246-11)132(225)184-104(60-115(159)209)143(236)196-123(78(10)203)151(244)245)179-137(230)103(58-83-64-167-89-29-19-18-28-87(83)89)183-131(224)95(43-46-114(158)208)177-148(241)120(74(5)6)194-141(234)101(54-79-24-14-12-15-25-79)182-138(231)105(61-117(211)212)185-130(223)94(42-45-113(157)207)171-124(217)75(7)170-127(220)91(31-22-49-165-152(160)161)172-128(221)92(32-23-50-166-153(162)163)174-146(239)110(69-199)191-140(233)107(63-119(215)216)186-134(227)98(53-73(3)4)178-135(228)99(56-81-33-37-85(204)38-34-81)180-129(222)90(30-20-21-48-154)173-145(238)109(68-198)190-136(229)100(57-82-35-39-86(205)40-36-82)181-139(232)106(62-118(213)214)187-147(240)111(70-200)192-150(243)122(77(9)202)195-142(235)102(55-80-26-16-13-17-27-80)188-149(242)121(76(8)201)193-116(210)66-168-126(219)93(41-44-112(156)206)175-144(237)108(67-197)189-125(218)88(155)59-84-65-164-71-169-84;/h12-19,24-29,33-40,64-65,71-78,88,90-111,120-123,167,197-205H,20-23,30-32,41-63,66-70,154-155H2,1-11H3,(H2,156,206)(H2,157,207)(H2,158,208)(H2,159,209)(H,164,169)(H,168,219)(H,170,220)(H,171,217)(H,172,221)(H,173,238)(H,174,239)(H,175,237)(H,176,226)(H,177,241)(H,178,228)(H,179,230)(H,180,222)(H,181,232)(H,182,231)(H,183,224)(H,184,225)(H,185,223)(H,186,227)(H,187,240)(H,188,242)(H,189,218)(H,190,229)(H,191,233)(H,192,243)(H,193,210)(H,194,234)(H,195,235)(H,196,236)(H,211,212)(H,213,214)(H,215,216)(H,244,245)(H4,160,161,165)(H4,162,163,166);1H/t75-,76+,77+,78+,88-,90-,91-,92-,93-,94-,95-,96-,97-,98-,99-,100-,101-,102-,103-,104-,105-,106-,107-,108-,109-,110-,111-,120-,121-,122-,123-;/m0./s1
InChI keyRKGLLHCSSVJTAN-YYICOITRSA-N
Gene Informationhuman ... GCG(2641)


安全信息

个人防护装备 EyeshieldsGlovestype N95 (US)
RIDADR NONH for all modes of transport
WGK德国 3
商品规格
属性名称属性值
储存温度 Storage temp.-20°C低温冷冻
全球实时库存 Availability √美国St. Louis ≥ 88 | 欧洲Eur. ≥ 126 | 東京Tokyo ≥ 46 | 香港与北京 ≥ 62
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