Sodium carbonate is also termed as soda ash. Solvay process uses sodium chloride and limestone to produce sodium carbonate.
Sodium carbonate has been used as a component in BG11 liquid media for cyanobacterial growth and in G625 growth medium for Anabaena flos-aquae. It has also been used to impregnate mixed-cellulose ester (MCE) filter.
Sodium carbonate helps to improve the pretreatment of rice straw and develops delignification process.