Chloramphenicol (CAP) is an antibiotic which was first isolated from Streptomyces venezuelae. It has a nitrobenzene moiety which may be responsible for aplastic anaemia.1 It is often used for bacterial selection in molecular biology applications at 10-20 μg/mL and as a selection agent for transformed cells containing chloramphenicol reistance genes.
This grade has the standard for Supelco MIP SPE cartridges. For more information request Supelco Literature T407075, T706024
Chloramphenicol has been used as reference standard in the determination of the concentration of CAP residues in shrimp tissues using LC-MS technique and also in frozen chicken samples (liver, kidney and muscle) using HPLC.
Refer to the product′s Certificate of Analysis for more information on a suitable instrument technique. Contact Technical Service for further support.
Mode of Action: Inhibits translation on the 50S ribosomal subunit at the peptidyltransferase step (elongation inhibition). Bacteriostatic.
Mode of Resistance: Acetylation by chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (cat gene).
Stock solutions should be stored at 2-8°C and are stable at 37°C for 5 days. Aqueous solutions are neutral and stable over a wide pH range, with 50% hydrolysis occurring after 290 days. Use of a borax buffered solution reduces this number to 14%. Solutions should be protected from light as photochemical decomposition results in a yellowing of the solution. Heating aqueous solutions at 115°C for 30 minutes results in a 10% loss of chloramphenicol.
Stock solutions can be prepared directly in the vial at any recommended concentration. A solution at 50 mg/mL in ethanol yields a clear, very faint, yellow solution. Degradation of chloramphenicol in aqueous solution is catalyzed by general acids and bases. This rate of degradation is independent of the ionic strength and pH.
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