Barium oxide, also known as barium(II) oxide, is a white or off-white fine powder with a melting point exceeding 1,800 °C. It is a highly stable compound with a high melting point and good chemical resistance, making it suitable for use in a wide range of applications. There are several methods to produce barium oxide including the thermal decomposition of barium carbonate and the electrolysis of barium chloride.
Barium oxide is used in a variety of applications. It is used as a raw material in the production of ceramics, such as glazes and ceramic pigments. It is used as a refractory material in the production of furnace linings and high-temperature applications. It is used as a fluxing agent in the production of glass, helping to lower the melting point and improve the clarity of glass. It is used as a catalyst in the production of polyethylene and other polymers. It is often used as a starting material to produce other barium compounds or dope semiconductors.