Polymyxin B is a member of the polymyxin group of antibiotics, obtained from different strains of Bacillus polymyxa and related species. It contains a cyclic heptapeptide unit and a tripeptide side chain, which is N-acylated by a fatty acyl residue. Polymyxin B sulfate salt is generally used for the treatment of Gram-negative bacterial infections.
Chemical structure: peptide
Polymyxin B sulfate salt has been used:
• for the treatment of BAC-1.2F5 murine macrophages as an LPS (lipopolysaccharide) inhibitor
• as positive and negative control during microbicidal concentration (MCC) assay
Polymyxin B sulfate has been used clinically to treat infections of the urinary tract, meninges and blood stream caused by susceptible strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. It also has been used in studying multidrug-resistant pathogens, as an immobilized agent for removal of endotoxins, and to induce pore formation in the membranes of cortex cells from excised sorghum roots.
抗菌谱：对大多数革兰氏阴性杆菌，包括 大肠杆菌 ，真菌和革兰氏阳性菌都有杀菌作用。
As supplied, the product should be stored at 2-8°C in the dark. No change was observed in retained samples after three years′ of storage in these conditions. Stock solutions should be sterile filtered and stored at 2-8°C. They are stable at 37°C for 5 days.
Polymyxin B sulfate is soluble in water at 50 mg/mL, producing a very slightly hazy, colorless to yellow solution. It has only minimal solubility in any organic solvent. For example, it has a solubility of 0.115 mg/mL in ethanol.
Keep container tightly closed in a dry and well-ventilated place.Keep in a dry place.