Sodium chlorate exhibits piezoelectric effect. On heating, it decomposes to give sodium chloride and sodium perchlorate. It can be synthesized in laboratory by reacting chlorine gas with a hot aqueous solution of sodium hydroxide or sodium carbonate.
Sodium chlorate (NaClO3) has been used in the preparation of aromatic amino acid and σ32 peptide (from Drosophila melanogaster) samples for NMR analysis.
It may be used in the synthesis of chlorine dioxide and sodium perchlorate. It may also be employed as a sulfation inhibitor in the culture medium of HepG2 cells ((human hepatocellular liver carcinoma cells).
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